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Home » Facts, Inference and Judgment | Explained

Facts, Inference and Judgment | Explained

Logical Reasoning

When we talk about facts, inferences and judgments, we are exploring three distinct ways of thinking and understanding information. These concepts help us navigate the world of information and ideas. Let’s break them down in simple terms:


Facts are pieces of information that are true and can be proven. They are like building blocks of knowledge. We use facts to describe things that are real and can be observed or verified. 

For example, if we say, “The sky is blue,” that’s a fact because we can look up and see that the sky is indeed blue.


Inferences are conclusions we draw based on facts or evidence. When we make an inference, we’re using our thinking skills to connect the dots and come up with something that makes sense. 

For instance, if we see dark clouds in the sky, we might infer that it’s going to rain soon. We’re not directly seeing rain, but we’re using what we know (the clouds) to guess what might happen (rain).


Judgment involves expressing opinions or evaluations about something. It’s when we give our personal thoughts or feelings about a situation or an idea. Judgments are not about proving something right or wrong; they’re more about how we feel or what we believe. 

For example, if we say, “This movie is really exciting,” we’re sharing our judgment about the movie based on how it made us feel.

Putting It All Together

Imagine you’re reading a news article about a new superhero movie:

Fact: The article mentions that the movie made $100 million on its opening weekend. This is a verifiable piece of information.

Inference: Based on the fact that the movie made a lot of money, you might infer that many people went to see it because they were excited about it. You’re making a logical guess based on the evidence.

Judgment: After watching the movie, you might say, “I loved the movie! It had amasing action scenes and a great storyline.” This is your personal judgment about the movie, based on your own feelings and opinions.

In simple terms, facts are the things we know for sure, inferences are educated guesses we make based on what we know and judgments are our personal opinions about something. Understanding these concepts helps us navigate information, make sense of the world around us and communicate our thoughts effectively.

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